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    Racial profiling

    In 2003, the Commission began receiving complaints about racial profiling. The Commission was among the first institutions in Québec to reflect upon and raise awareness about racial profiling as a form of discrimination. In 2005, the Commission adopted a definition of racial profiling, which has since been recognized by the courts and by the Service de police de la Ville de Montréal (SPVM). In 2009, it launched a public consultation throughout Québec on racial profiling and racialized youth between the ages of 14 and 25. This consultation led to the publication of a major report containing more than 90 recommendations, as well as the Commission’s undertakings for future action in this area. Since then, the Commission has ensured an effective follow-up so that the recommendations are implemented. It also continues do to work towards better social, political and legal recognition of racial profiling and its consequences.

    English language translations are provided when available.

    2020 | The Commission releases its report on the implementation of the recommendations from its 2011 Consultation Report on Racial Profiling

    Elle constate que la majorité des recommandations qu’elle a émises en 2011 pour lutter contre le profilage racial et la discrimination systémique n’ont pas été mises en œuvre ou ne l’ont été qu’en partie. Elle appelle ainsi, de nouveau, le gouvernement à adopter une politique québécoise de lutte contre le racisme et la discrimination systémiques, qui comprenne notamment un plan d’action pour prévenir et enrayer le profilage racial.


    2020 | Following the horrific death of George Floyd in Minneapolis, the Commission expressed its solidarity with Black communities in Québec and around the world, and reiterated that systemic racism, systemic discrimination and racial profiling are serious human rights violations that must not be tolerated.


    2019 | The Commission issued recommendations to the City of Montréal as part of the Public Consultation on Systemic Racism and Discrimination. This included recommending that the City develop a policy to combat systemic racism and systemic discrimination, and that this policy take into account the specific realities of Aboriginal peoples, racialized people and immigrants. 


    2019 | The Commission recommended that the City of Montréal immediately and definitively prohibit routine police checks, which disproportionately affect certain groups of people. We presented our recommendations at a public meeting of the Commission de la sécurité publique where we were invited to comment on an independent report on police stops that had been prepared for the Montréal police services (SPVM).

    2018 | In response to the Montréal police service (SPVM) strategic plan on racial and social profiling, the Commission criticized the lack of published data on the presumed racial affiliation and social condition of the individuals involved in police interventions, data that would provide a more accurate picture of the phenomenon. The publication of such data was an important recommendation made by the Commission in 2011, and one which we have reiterated many times since.

    2018 | The Commission won a case against the Montréal police service (SPVM) and two officers. The Human Rights Tribunal ordered the SPVM and the two officers to pay a man $12,000 in damages for racial profiling.


    2017 | During Montréal’s public consultation on racial and social profiling, the Commission criticized the City’s failure to take action on many of our earlier recommendations, and emphasized the great deal of work that is still required in this area. 


    2013  |  The Commission wins the first case at the Human Rights Tribunal involving a commercial establishment finding that four black complainants were victims of racial profiling in a bar near Montréal. In November 2014, the Québec Court of Appeal upheld the verdict of racial profiling but found that only the establishment – not its owner – must pay the punitive damages totalling $12 000 to the four men.


    2012 | One year following the release of the Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse’s report on racial profiling: few changes or tangible progess.

    2011 | The Commission published a consultative report on profiling and its consequences, entitled "Racial profiling and systemic discrimination of racialized youth", which offered more than 90 recommendations for countering the racial profiling of young persons in the areas of law enforcement, education and the youth protection system.

    News releases:

    2009  | The Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse launched its public consultation throughout Québec to find ways of countering racial profiling.


    2005 | The Commission adopted a definition of racial profiling.

    Did you know ?

    26% of complaints before the Commission in 2017-2018 involved discrimination based on race, colour and ethnic or national origin, for a total of 153 complaints.

    To learn more...

    See our information pages on the grounds of discrimination: