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For more information about your rights and your children's rights in the current context, see the FAQs and resources on the page Your rights and COVID-19. Please note that all of our services continue to be offered online or by phone, even though all staff members are teleworking.

Your rights and COVID-19
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    Youth under the DYP

    You have rights even when the Director of Youth Protection (DYP) is part of your life.

    Also remember that: 

    • You should be treated with respect, courtesy and dignity
    • All decisions should be made in your best interest
      "In your best interest" means that when a decision is made about you, it should take into consideration your safety, your rights, your development, your needs and your opinions.
    • You may not agree with a decision
      Even so, it must be explained to you and if it is possible to contest it, you have to be informed of how to proceed.
    This video presents the right to communicate, one of the rights you have if the DYP is part of your life. (Length: 1 min 03 sec)
    • Your rights under the DYP

      Your rights under the DYP

      Right to a lawyer

      You always have the right to consult a lawyer and to be represented by a lawyer in court.

      How to find a lawyer?

      Contact the law society: www.barreau.qc.ca/en/find-lawyer
      The Young Bar of Montréal, for example, is a law society where 12 to 20-year-olds can consult a lawyer at no cost: ajbm.qc.ca/en/public-services/seeking-for-a-lawyer

      Right to be informed and right to be listened to

      People must give you information about:

      • your rights
      • the various stages of your file
      • all measures that concern you
      • any possibilities for you to refuse or challenge a decision that involves you
      You have the right to be given information in words that you understand.
      Don’t be afraid to ask questions about anything that is not clear to you.

      You have the right to be heard :

      • You have the right to express your point of view to the people making decisions about you (like judges and youth workers).

      Right to communicate

      With your loved ones

      While you are in placement, no one other than the court can prevent you from communicating with your parents or siblings (this includes your half-siblings and step-siblings).

      You can also communicate with your grandparents, friends, other family members, etc. unless the court prohibits you from doing so. If you are in a rehabilitation centre, then an authorized person from that centre may also prohibit you from communicating with these people. If so, that person must explain the reasons for their decision, give you a written copy of it, and inform you that you can challenge it.

      With other people

      No one can prevent you from communicating with:

      • your lawyer
      • the DYP
      • the Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse
      • the court clerks

      You may communicate with all these people:

      • in person or by E-mail, phone, text or social media
      • confidentially (unless the court decides otherwise). This means you don’t have to tell anyone what you spoke about together

      Right to be accompanied

      You have the right to be accompanied by the person of your choice when you meet with the DYP or your youth worker.

      To accompany you, a person must:

      • let you speak; not speak for you
      • facilitate the orderly progress of the meeting
      • maintain confidentiality
      • act in your best interests (for example, if a person is believed to have taken advantage of you, they cannot accompany you)
      If you would like someone to accompany you, contact the users’ committee at the Centre intégré de santé et de services sociaux (CISSS) or Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux (CIUSSS) where you receive services or the complaint support assistance centre (CAAP) in your area.
      Find your CISSS or your CIUSSS

      Other rights

      You also have the right:

      • to refuse certain DYP decisions if you do not agree with them. In this case, the situation may be referred to the court
      • to receive health services and social services
      • to receive educational services (like going to school)
      • to access your DYP file if you are over 14 years old
      • to consult your medical records by submitting an access to information request to the CISSS or CIUSSS where you receive services. These centres can explain any conditions and tell you how to proceed.

      If you are transferred to a new living environment

      You have the right to be consulted before changing rehabilitation centres or foster homes. You also have the right to receive the information and preparation you need for the transfer.

      If you are disciplined

      If you are in a rehabilitation centre, the centre must explain its rules to you and tell you what disciplinary measures you will face for not following them.

      Neither isolation or restraint can be used to punish you or because you have broken a rule. You can only be isolated or restrained to protect you or the people around you.

    • How to enforce your rights?

      How to enforce your rights?

      To help you understand and defend your rights

      Contact-us at the Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse:

      By phone: 1 800 361-6477
      By E-mail: jeunesse@cdpdj.qc.ca

      If you are not satisfied with the quality of the services you receive

      Services you receive from the DYP, your foster family, your rehabilitation centre or any other facility (for example, a hospital), contact:

      • your local service quality and complaints commissioner
      • the users’ committee at the CISSS or CIUSSS where you receive services

    Know more about your rights

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