Navigate Up
Sign In

Human rights

Social condition: prohibited ground of discrimination and harassment | CDPDJ

Social condition

Social condition

  • IMPRIMER LE DOCUMENT.
  • Les deux prochains liens contiennent des informations qui ne respectent pas les standards sur l'accessibilité du Web du gouvernement du Québec.
  • Partager sur Facebook.
  • Partager sur Twitter.

You believe you have been a victim of discrimination or harassment based on this ground?

Social condition is the situation you have in society because of your income, your occupation or your level of education. For example you are retired, homeless, a student, or a recipient of social assistance or employment insurance.

Social condition is a prohibited ground of discrimination and harassment. This means that you cannot be treated differently because of your social condition. Also, you cannot be the target of offensive and repeated remarks or behaviour because of your social condition. These situations are contrary to the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms. These situations are contrary to the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms This link will redirect you to an external Website in a new window..

Gabriela is looking for a clean and affordable apartment near her son’s school. She finds an appropriate apartment and tells the landlord that she would like to rent it. The landlord seems willing to rent it to her, but changes his mind when he asks questions about her employment and finds out that she is receiving social assistance. Even though Gabriela explains that her situation should change soon since she is registered in a job-search program, the landlord does not want to rent her the apartment.

The following judgments are examples related to this ground of discrimination. The complete list of judgments issued by Canadian Courts are available on the Canadian Legal Information Institute’s website This link will redirect you to an external Website in a new window.. You can do a search by grounds of discrimination.

Here are some of our publications related to this ground of discrimination. You can find all our publications on this ground of discrimination using a keyword on the Publications' page.

English language translations are provided when available.

Please note: These answers are to be used for information purposes only, and do not constitute legal advice.

  1. I am homeless. I sometimes have enough money to eat in a small neighbourhood restaurant. I always have to pay for my meal when I order, but other customers pay after they eat. When I asked the waitress why, she replied that it is because I am homeless. Am I a victim of discrimination?

    Yes, you should not be treated differently because you are homeless; it is contrary to the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms.

  2. Near my high school, there is a convenience store that denies access to students during the lunch hour. Are they allowed to do that?

    No, you are being treated differently because of your social condition (being a student) and your age, which is contrary to the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms. The Commission has received complaints about this, and the business owners had to change their practices and compensate the complainants.

 
The following video is in American Sign Language (ASL) and is not accessible with a screen reader.

This video presents the topic of social condition in American Sign Language (ASL)  This link will redirect you to an external website which may present barriers to accessibility..

 

Did you know?

Social condition can include temporary situations such as being unemployed or being a student.

 

Our opinion about...

The Commission takes a stand on a number of issues, including: