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Human rights

Discrimination : a prohibited practice | CDPDJ

Discrimination

Discrimination

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Discrimination occurs when an individual or a group of individuals is treated differently on account of personal characteristics. Discrimination may occur through distinction, exclusion or preference. It can be practiced by an individual or by an organization.

Discrimination creates inequalities between individuals and prevents the individual or group of individuals subjected to discrimination from fully exercising their rights.

There are several forms of discrimination: direct, indirect, and systemic. All forms of discrimination are prohibited under the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms This link will redirect you to an external Website in a new window., and, therefore, prohibited in Québec.

Do you think you are a victim of discrimination?

Check whether you can file a complaint before the Commission by learning about:

Prohibited grounds of discrimination

If your case involves:

Areas where discrimination is prohibited

Exceptions

In certain situations, a distinction, exclusion or preference is not considered discriminatory.

With respect to employment:

  • when the absence or the presence of a personal characteristic is required for a job
  • when the employer is a non-profit organization of a charitable, philanthropic, religious, educational or political nature exclusively dedicated to the well-being of an ethnic or religious group, and there is a link between this organization’s nature and the ground of discrimination

However, in all cases, the employer or organization must establish that the exception is well-founded.

With respect to insurance and social benefit plans:

  • when age, sex, or civil status are used to determine risk factors based on actuarial data
  • when health status is a factor used by the insurer in evaluating risk

What to do in case of discrimination?

See the section Defend your rights.

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The following video is in American Sign Language (ASL) and is not accessible with a screen reader.

This video explains discrimination in American Sign Language (ASL)  This link will redirect you to an external website which may present barriers to accessibility..